5-1 ROTATION DIAGRAMS
Helping You Visualize Positioning On The Court
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Rotation #1 (Stack Right)
- In the first rotation, the Setter pulls 1 up to the right-hand corner.
- As soon as the server makes contact with the ball, the Setter should move to the setter's position, right-of-center on the net.
- 1 and 2 should move to their hitting position, ready to take an approach.
- 3 drops back to help 4 and 5 pass the ball. In this rotation, overlap risks are minimal, as long as the Setter remains to the right of 5 and 'behind' 1.
Rotation #2 (Stack Middle)
- In the second rotation, the Setter pulls 3 up to the center-front.
- It is critical, as soon as the server makes contact with the ball, for 3 to back up into hitting position. Otherwise the player will be in the way of the setter.
- 4 drops back to help 5 and 1 pass the ball.
- In this rotation, there is an overlap-risk with the back-row. The Setter must be in between 5 and 1 and 'behind' 3.
Rotation #3 (Stack Left)
- In the third rotation, the Setter pulls up 5 and 4 into the left-hand corner. It is critical, as soon as the server makes contact with the ball that the Setter sprints into position.
- 4 should quickly move into position on the outside.
- Once the path is clear, 5 should quickly move into position.
- 3 drops back to help 1 and 2 pass the ball.
- In this rotation, overlap-risks are minimal, as long as 5 remains on the left of 4, and the Setter remains 'behind' 5.
- The Setter cannot leave too soon without risking an overlap with 1.
(For a 6-2 rotation - 6 Hitters, 2 Setters - Setters always set from the back row. In the front row, the Setter becomes the Opposite Hitter; the Opposite (3) sets when entering the back. Positioning recycles to Rotation #1).
- In the fourth rotation, the Setter is now in the front row.
- When the Setter is in the front row, the remaining two hitters have greater flexibility as to where they set up and where they hit.
- As long as the Setter is to the left of 5, and 5 is to the left of 4, all is well.
- The three front-row players could, conceivably, all 'stack' in the left, middle or right depending on where the hitters are heading.
In the fifth rotation, much like the fourth, the front-row has a lot of flexibility. The diagram above shows what is called "split hitters". The Setter should still expect passes right-of-center. If the setter receives passes in the middle (i.e. calls to the team "pass middle!"), the opposing team will know there will be no middle offensive attack.
In the sixth and final rotation, much like the fourth and fifth, the front-row has a lot of flexibility. Hitters 1 and 2, at the direction of the Setter, can hit from wherever they'd like. Depending on the offensive play, all the back-row players should be ready to hit.
Volleyball Court Central > 5-1 Rotation Explained > 5-1 Rotation Diagrams